Moving towards safer alternatives

Further languages available    
009-EN, General section

Five Chemicals Alternatives Assessment Study

Abstract

An “alternatives assessment” methodology developed by TURI was used to evaluate the technical, economic, and environmental, health and safety feasibility of alternatives to the five chemicals for selected uses: lead, formaldehyde, tetrachloroethylene, hexavalent chromium, Di(2-ethylhexyl)phathalate (DEHP).

Substituted substance(s)

  1. Formaldehyde

    CAS No. 50-00-0 EC No. 200-001-8 Index No. 605-001-00-5
  2. Lead, metal

    CAS No. 7439-92-1 EC No. 231-100-4 Index No. 
  3. Tetrachloroethylene

    CAS No. 127-18-4 EC No. 204-825-9 Index No. 602-028-00-4
  4. Chromium hexavalent

    CAS No. 18540-29-9 EC No.  Index No. 
  5. Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

    CAS No. 117-81-7 EC No. 204-211-0 Index No. 607-317-00-9

Other type of alternative

Reliability of information

Evidence of assessment: there is evidence of an official (positive) assessment of the substitution


Hazard assessment

Formaldehyde is a carcinogen cat. 1 according to IARC (R40). It is also a sensitizer: may cause sensitization by skin contact (R43). Because of these two important risks, formaldehyde is listed in the hazardous Substance Database according to SUBSPORT Screening Criteria (SDSC).
Formaldehyde is toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed (R23 /24/25)

Tetrachloroethylene is a carcinogen cat. 2A according to IARC (R40). It is also endocrine disruptor cat. 2 (EU EDC database), as listed in the Substance Database according to SUBSPORT Screening Criteria (SDSC).

The substance is toxic for acuatic organisms, may cause long term adverse effects in the aquatic environment (51/53)

Chromium hexavalent is very dangerous as carcinogen 1 according to IARC and are listed in the hazardous Substance Database according to SUBSPORT Screening Criteria (SDSC).

Di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate is a 2B carcinogen (according to IARC), it is on the OSPAR list of substances of possible concern, and endocrine disruptor cat. 1 (according to EU EDC database).

Also it is toxic for reproduction: may impair fertility (R60) and may cause harm to the unborn child (R61).

It is listed in the hazardous Substance Database according to SUBSPORT Screening Criteria (SDSC).

» Check the Substance Database according to SUBSPORT Screening Criteria (SDSC)

Top of page

Substitution description

Top of page

Case/substitution evaluation

Top of page

Other solutions

Further information

Further languages available


Who provided the information

Type of information supplier
Research

Contact 

Publication source

Toxic Use Reduction Institute, University of Lowell Massachusetts.

June, 2006.

Type of publication and availability 

Scientific study, freely available

Original document: click here
Archived copy: click here


Comments from SUBSPORT users

Top of page

Publication or last update: 16.05.2012

Logo Grontmij Logo Istas Logo Chemsec Logo Kooperationsstelle Hamburg